Emission sources


Photo: Raili Malinen

Black carbon is formed in incomplete combustion. The biggest emission sources in Europe and Northern America are households that burn solid fuels for heating and diesel engines in the transport sector. In developing countries also solid fuel combustion in cooking stoves and traditional coke and brick making kilns are significant emission sources.

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Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone (PDF)
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 2011

The Impact of Black Carbon on Arctic Climate
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), 2011

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